Polycarbonate Sheet, Acrylic, Plexiglass®, Lexan® Sales & Fabrication

When to Use Polycarbonate Sheet | Lexan®|  Acrylic | Plexiglass® | for Machining and Fabrication

Polycarbonate sheets (Lexan) or acrylic (Plexiglass®) can have a wide range of applications in both industrial and residential applications.  This article is a guide to when to choose one over the other for a specific application at use.

If you can’t find the answer to your questions here, the Jaco engineering staff is available to provide the technical assistance you need to select the right clear plastic material in addition providing material sales, machining and fabrication of clear plastic materials to meet your specific requirements.

Why and when to choose polycarbonate sheet

Polycarbonate sheets or panels are a thermoplastic that is UV resistant, impact resistant, excellent thermal stability and available in both clear and opaque sheets in a full range of colors. Due to the high-impact resistance, polycarbonate sheets are often found in security applications such as banks, fences, police riot shields/visors and bulletproof windows

Lighter than glass or acrylic, polycarbonate sheets can often be found in construction applications for awnings and overhead covers. Their superior ultraviolet protection, thermal and impact resistance result in a longer life that other construction materials. Tough, weather resistant, polycarbonate does not yellow, fade or discolor as other polymers can over time.
polycarbonate-molded
As an exceptional thermal insulator, polycarbonates can be found in electronic equipment such as sensor components, switch relays, LCD, connectors, computers, cell phones, instrument housings, panels and cases. CDs and DVDs are also a used for optical disks, similar to polycarbonate optical lenses for eyeglasses.

Widely used across the automotive industry, due to their lighter weight, strength, impact resistance and dimensional stability, polycarbonates can be found throughout vehicles from inner lenses to grills to headlights.

A common use of polycarbonate sheets is agriculture, specifically greenhouse construction. Similar to glass they can be used single pane, double or triple for heat retention/insulation.

Polycarbonate sheets vs. acrylic sheets, which is better for your application?

When searching for a clear or transparent plastic, both acrylic or polycarbonate sheets come to mind. The question is when to choose polycarbonate over acrylic?

Frist let’s look at the key characteristics and a comparison of acrylic compared to polycarbonate:

  • Acrylic is brittle, easy to chip
  • Acrylic has a lower impact resistance than polycarbonates
  • Acrylic has superior load bearing properties
  • Acrylic has superior scratch resistance to polybonate
  • Acrylic will not yellow
  • Acrylic can be restored to optical clarity by polishing.
  • Polycarbonate is more expensive (roughly 2 to 3 times)
  • Thicker gauges of polycarbonate can be bulletproof
  • Polycarbonate is used in more industrial applications than acrylic

polycarbonate-sheet-machined

Where is acrylic used?

Similar to polycarbonate, acrylic is used for a wide range of consumer and industrial applications.

  • Architecture and construction; doors, windows luminaires, balcony guards, sound barriers, swimming pools, aquariums, terrariums and large tunnels
  • Furniture
  • Automotive and transportation; RV components, windshields for motorcycles, helicopters and marine applications.
  • Retail and tradeshow displays; point of purchase displays, signage and corporate imaging.
  • Lighting; LED ceiling panels, sign lettering, lenses, covers and shades
  • Electronics; remote control transmitter window, electric guitars, rear projection screens
  • Healthcare; neonatal incubators, surgical furniture, instrument panels and lenses.
  • Safety applications; riot gear and motorcycle helmets.

Polycarbonate sheets (Lexan®) or acrylic (Plexiglass®) Datasheet / Technical Information

Contact our experienced technical staff for the most up to date copy of a Polycarbonate sheets (Lexan®) or acrylic (Plexiglass®) datasheet. Our staff is available to help you specify the right materials for your clear plastic application and design the parts/components to meet your product requirements. Contact our technical staff today to discuss your acrylic or polycarbonate part design.

  • Lexan®, is a trademark by GE Plastics.
  • Makrolon®, is a trademark by Bayer.
  • Plexiglas ® is a trademark by Roehm and Hass.

PEEK Plastic (Molding, Machining Service And Properties)

What Is PEEK Plastic?

PEEK plastic, also known as polyetheretherketone, is ideal for components used in harsh environments that require excellent chemical resistance over a wide range of temperatures.  PEEK is engineered resin designed to perform well applications that require and hydrolysis resistance while maintaining stiffness with PEEK temperature limits up to 170°C  / 338°F.

 

peek plastic

PEEK Material Specifications & Mechanical Properties

PEEK plastic is a strong, stiff, semi-crystalline thermoplastic with a highly stable chemical structure offering a high chemical resistance and temperature limits suitable for a wide range of applications and industries.

  • Chemical resistant
  • Hydrolysis resistant
  • Radiation resistant
  • Autoclavable, resilient when exposed to boiling water and exposure to hot steam
  • Fatigue and stress-crack resistant
  • Creep resistant
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Low coefficient of linear thermal expansion
  • Stable at elevated temperatures up to 170°C / 338°F
  • UL 94 V-0 flammability rating
  • Low toxic gas and smoke emissions
  • Lightweight and chemically inert
  • Dimensionally stable
  • Controlled porosity
  • Appearance white to off-white/natural
  • Easy to fabricate and machine

PEEK Plastic Properties

 

  UNITS ASTM TEST PEEK PEEK 30%
GLASS-FILLED
PEEK tensile strength psi D638 14,000 24,620
PEEK flexural modulus psi D790 590,000 1,450,000
PEEK Izod impact (notched) ft-lbs/in of notch D256 1.6 1.84
PEEK heat deflection temperature
@ 264 psi
°F D648 306 599
Maximum continuous service
temperature in air
°F 480 482
Water absorption
(immersion 24 hours)
% D570 0.50 0.11
PEEK coefficient of linear thermal expansion in/in/°Fx10-5 D696 2.6 1.2
PEEK coefficient of friction (dynamic) 0.25 0.30

 

** Values may vary by PEEK material brand / molding conditions.  Refer to specific manufacturer’s PEEK plastic material data sheet for exact values.

PEEK Product Applications

PEEK offers unique properties making it an ideal solution over a wide range of applications that require high-temperature, chemical, UL rating, stiff, tough and creep resistant materials.

 

PEEK plastic applications across these industries:

  • Nuclear
  • Oil and Gas
  • Medical & Pharmaceutical
  • Aerospace
  • Semiconductor
  • Food Processing
  • Filter Manufacturing

 

PEEK component types include:

  • Machinery and equipment components
  • Rings and seals
  • Bushings and bearings
  • Instrument parts
  • Down hole electrical components
  • Biodiesel filters

peek-plastic-material

Grades of PEEK Plastic

PEEK, Unfilled Virgin

Naturally abrasion resistant, unfilled, virgin PEEK material provides wear and steam resistance.  Of all the PEEK grades, unfilled PEEK provides the greatest toughness and elongation.

 

PEEK, 30% Glass-Fiber-Reinforced, 30% Glass-Filled PEEK

30% glass-filled PEEK offers a reduced expansion rate and increased flexural modulus.  Ideal for structural applications looking for stiffness and stability at higher temperatures.

 

PEEK, 30% Carbon-Fiber Reinforced

Carbon fiber reinforced PEEK increases wear-resistance, greater thermal conductivity and a lower expansion rate.

 

PEEK, Graphite Reinforced Bearing Grade

Bearing grade PEEK reinforced with graphite and PTFE lubricants offers low friction, low wear, high LPV and low mating part wear.

PEEK Plastic Machining, Plastic Fabricator And Injection Molding

PEEK plastic can be CNC machined, molded and fabricated.  Jaco offers PEEK molding, drilling, milling and machining services to either cut to size, molded or machined to your CAD drawings.  We can injection mold both filled and unfilled PEEK components. Get an estimate on custom PEEK machining services from a premier Ohio PEEK fabricator.

PEEK Distributor | PEEK Material Supplier

We sell full sheets of PEEK plastic through our materials distribution and fabrication service.  We offer varying thicknesses of PEEK material, please contact of sales department regarding available inventory.

PEEK Datasheet / Technical Information

Contact our experienced technical staff for the most up to date copy of a PEEK material datasheet.  Our staff is available to help you specify the right materials for your application and design the PEEK parts/components to meet your product requirements.  Contact our technical staff today to discuss your PEEK part design.

CNC G10 Material Machining And Fabrication

What Is G10 Material?

FR-4 glass epoxy composite laminate G10 material, commonly referred to as Micarta*, garolite or Bakelite*, is a thermoset fiberglass composite manufactured from glass filament cloth with a di-functional or tri-functional epoxy binder. It is often used in applications that require dimensional stability, electrical insulating properties, and moisture resistance.  It is used across a wide range of electrical and mechanical applications.

What Is the difference between G10 and G10 FR-4 Material?

G10 materials fall under the category of thermoset industrial laminates produced from a layered construction of substrates impregnated with a thermoset resin and cured under heat or pressure.  They fall under standards published by NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) which provide minimum values for grades of thermoset laminates.

NEMA provides two grade values for this category of industrial laminates, G10 and FR4.  The FR4 is the fire retardant grade of G10.

G10 Material Properties | G10 Material Specifications:

g10 material

The appearance or natural color of G10 / FR4 glass reinforced epoxy is light green to yellowish laminate. The laminate is typically manufactured from continuous woven glass fabric and impregnated with an epoxy resin that provides properties ideal for electronics applications due to superior electrical insulation properties.

G-10 FR-4 glass epoxy laminate meets the following specifications:

  • G10 FR4 : Mil-I-24768/27 GEE-F
  • G10 : Mil-I-24768/2 GEE
  • G10 FR4 : LP 509
  • G10 FR4 : MIL P 18177 Type GEE
  • NEMA FR4

G-10 FR4 Sheets provide:

  • A maximum continuous operating temperature: 285°F
  • Excellent machinability
  • Excellent electrical characteristics
  • Low moisture absorption
  • Great dimensional stability (shrinkage is less than 1%)
  • Abrasive Texture
  • Good chemical resistance particularly under moist and humid conditions
  • Extremely high mechanical strength
  • Superior adhesive properties
  • Good dielectric loss properties
  • NEMA FR4 fire resistance
  • Commonly known as Micarta*, Garolite or Bakelite*

g10-material-micarta-machining

CNC Machining G10 Material

G10 FR4 sheet can be CNC machined up to +-.005 tolerance.  Jaco offers G10 drilling, milling, and machining services to either cut to size to or machined to your CAD drawings.  From 5-axis machining centers to routers, we can quickly and easily cut your G10 FR4 to your exact specifications. Get custom G10 machining services from the premier Ohio plastics fabricator, Jaco Products.

Unlike machining metal, machining G10 can present challenges due to the highly abrasive glass fillers.  Metal machining speeds are typically too high for composites resulting in delamination.  Since Jaco, specializes in plastic machining and does not machine any metal components, equipment from machine tools to dust collection, is unique to the specific requirements of machining composites, laminates and glass filled resins.

G10 FR4 Die Cut Parts

Jaco offers die cutting services of G10 FR4 material.  G10 FR4 is one of the most versatile laminates used as an electrical insulation material in electronics, PCBs, and mechanical lines.

G10 Material Supplier

We sell full sheets pf G10 FR4 through our materials distribution service.  We offer varying thicknesses of G10 material, please contact sales department regarding available inventory.

G10 Material Applications

G10 FR4 material applications include:

  • Terminal boards
  • Washers
  • Sleeves
  • Structural components
  • Cryogenic components
  • Wear applications
  • Electrical applications
  • PCBs – Printed circuit boards
  • Power generation
  • G10 knife handles
  • G10 gun handles
  • G10 grip materials

G10 Datasheet / Technical Information

Contact our experienced technical staff for the most up to date copy of a G10 FR4 datasheet.  Our staff is available to help you specify the right materials for your application and design the parts/components to meet your product requirements.  Contact our technical staff today to discuss your G10 part design.

 * The Micarta trademark is a registered trademark of Industrial Laminates / Norplex, Inc. (dba Norplex-Micarta / Norplex-Micarta Industrial Composites).

* Bakelite or polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, is an early plastic. It is a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin developed by the Belgian-American chemist Leo Baekeland in New York in 1907.

October 18, 2016

Thermal Insulation Materials

Jaco is a leader in thermal insulation materials. As a Glastherm and Haysite distributor, we have a full stock of thermal insulation materials ready to cut-to-size or machine-to-fit and ship. We stock a wide range of thermal insulation board and thermal insulation sheet and can consult on the best heat insulation materials for your application. We are experts in mold and platen insulation we can help engineer the right insulation to improve product quality with uniform heat distribution while lowering your energy and molding costs.

Custom Plastics Manufacturing

Custom plastics manufacturing is our core service. We can take your concept or design and quickly turn it into a working plastic product. Whether you are looking for custom plastic molding, plastic machining, die-cutting or stamping, we are the right custom plastics company to produce your parts. We offer a full range of services from injection mold manufacturing and sourcing to design support and plastic part prototyping.

Plastic Injection Molding Companies in Ohio

If you are searching for custom plastic injection molding companies in Ohio, Jaco is your one-stop-shop for plastic parts. We can provide high quality, complex injection molded plastic products that meet your all your requirements including cost, quality, quantity (prototypes and short-runs) and fast turnaround. In addition to custom plastic injection molding services, we offer a full range of secondary services such as stamping, CNC plastic machining, assembly and kitting to meet all your needs.

ABS Plastic Molding | an Ohio ABS Plastic Machining Fabricator

ABS Plastic Molding Services | ABS Plastic Machining and Fabrication
Custom ABS plastic molding and machining services from the premier Ohio plastics manufacturer, Jaco Products. ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) is often selected for its outstanding mechanical properties including toughness and impact resistance.